Analysis of COVID-19 Mortality and Survival in Colombia: A prospective Cohort Study
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Objective: To determine the mortality and survival of COVID-19 cases in Colombia between March and July 2020. Materials and methods: A retrospective cohort study in the Colombian population between March 6 to July 8, 2020, with the data reported to the National Institute of Health. Survival analysis was performed considering the real-time PCR results, died or recovered, the onset of symptoms until the date of death, or the final time of the cohort. The actuarial variation and Long-Rank test were applied for survival. Risk factors were determined by Cox regression. Results: The overall survival rate was 100%, 98%, 97%, and 95% for day 1, 10, 20 and 30, respectively. Differences were found in survival in age, sex, region, and hospitalization time spending (p <0.01), the 30-day survival rate was 96% and 95% for females and males, respectively. The region with the highest survival was Antioquia with 99% and the lower Barranquilla with 93%. The age group with the lowest survival was ?80 years of age with 60%, and being hospitalized represented a survival rate of 68%. Conclusions: This study is one of the first to estimate survival in the Colombian population diagnosed with COVID-19.